Gender differences and social pressures for conformity in the sentencing of criminals by Arni Albert Ahronson

Cover of: Gender differences and social pressures for conformity in the sentencing of criminals | Arni Albert Ahronson

Published by Laurentian University, Department of Psychology in Sudbury, Ont .

Written in English

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Statementby Arni Ahronson.
The Physical Object
Pagination54 l. :
Number of Pages54
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20756915M

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The sentencing of criminals has been the subject of repeated exploratory inquiry by social scientists, particularly sociologists. Since the work of Nagel and Weitzman () and Pope (), who found that women appear to Gender Differences in Criminal Sentencing less likely than males to receive prison or jail time (see Farnworth and.

Jun 30,  · In this paper, we re-analyze data from a large-scale field experiment (N = ,) on voter turnout in order to determine whether men and women respond differently to social pressure aimed at voter date, there have been mixed results regarding the interaction between a person’s gender and receptivity to social by: 1.

Jun 01,  · We conclude that such variation in the gender-sentencing association across crime type is largely due to features of Texas’ legal code that channel the level of discretion available to judges depending on crime type and whether incarceration likelihood or sentence length is examined.

Gender Differences in Criminal Sentencing. SOCIAL. Are men and women who are prosecuted for similar crimes punished differently. If it is true, as is commonly assumed, that women are sentenced more leniently than men, does this tendency vary by class and race.

In this book Kathleen Daly explores these issues by analyzing women's and men's cases that are routinely processed in felony courts--cases of homicide, aggravated assault, robbery. Gender Differences in Criminal Sentencing: Do Effects Vary Across Violent, Property, and Drug Offenses.

Article in Social Science Quarterly 87(2) · June with 1, Reads. Gender and the Social Costs of Sentencing: An Analysis of Sentences Imposed on Male and Female Offenders in Three U.S.

District Courts Ann Martin Stacey & Cassia Spohn' Disparity in the treatment of offenders involved in the criminal justice system has been the topic of a substantial amount of research over the past thirty years. In this chapter, I will provide a brief history of sentencing disparity and judicial discretion.

I will also address a theoretical perspective of the topic and introduce previous literature on sentencing disparity in regards to gender, age, and race. Past studies have found theAuthor: April Michelle Miller.

Gender differences in criminal court outcomes for men and women are almost axiomatic in contemporary criminology. Since the early s a plethora of studies in the United States has found Author: Karen Gelb. Start studying Chapter 12 CRJU. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

How does social class affect sentencing. -Can't afford a good lawyer or bail (becoming a pre-trial detainee) How does gender affect sentencing?-Women, most often, get preferential treatment in sentencing relative to men.

Jul 29,  · Gender disparity in criminal court. the findings of the current study are consistent with those of past research on gender and sentencing in dictating that female defendants are sentenced to less severe sentence outcomes than similarly situated male defendants, even after controlling for legal, extralegal, and contextual factors.

The problem with gender and sentencing. Differences in sentencing disappear when other factors taken into account, e.g. Type of offence Arguably this approaches focus on gender overlooks importance of other social identities, such as socioeconomic class; age; ethnicity and sexuality.

The gender sentencing gap. Outside of that, I personally agree with you that the way we punish criminals in america seems fundamentally too harsh.

level 1. Should we look at what social pressures cause men and women to commit different crimes, and what can we do about it. Despite the introduction of other controls, gender continues to be a significant predictor of most attitudes toward crime and punishment.

The gender differences reported in Table 1 remain, with only two exceptions: we no longer find significant differences between men and women on the life-prisonterm item, and on the importance-of-crime-as-a. 2) How did the social setup during different times influence male and female and their opportunities to commit crimes.

3) What are the factors responsible for gender differences in crime. 4) What do we conclude about the gender differences in crime based on empirical data gathered throughout. Mar 17,  · Men are statistically more likely to go to prison than women for the same crime.

and estimated that the gender gap in sentencing could be as much as six. This gender gap is about six times as large as the racial disparity that Prof. Starr found in another recent paper. There are other studies that have shown gender disparity in criminal cases, but not as pronounced as Prof.

Starr's findings. This is because she is looking at "a larger swath of the criminal justice process" in her analysis, she said. Aug 28,  · "Daly's book is most impressive in its use of feminist methodology and its contribution to sentencing literature [It] is ground breaking in the area of gender and sentencing disparity.

It is a required text for those interested at either an introductory or advanced level in gender and sentencing as well as feminist methodology. Race, gender, and age are important social statuses by which American society is stratified and differentiated.

An abundance of studies examine the independent effects of race and gender on sentencing outcomes, a growing number of studies look at their joint effects, and a few studies examine age effects (see review below). these two groups together, this study is able to draw out gender differences apparent in offending patterns and sentencing recommendations between the two groups.

Additionally, there have only been a few studies that have compared the gender differences apparent in the sentencing recommendations given to male and female offenders. The object of this paper is to explain gender differences in particular types of crime. I intend to do this by using various books and the Internet to briefly explore burglary, prostitution and crime related to a violent nature.

I also wish to include any graphs or statistics I may find of interest. Gender Differences on Crime and Punishment JON HURWITZ AND SHANNON SMITHEY, UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH Despite extensive documentation of the gender gap across a range of po-litical issues, little is known about gender differences toward issues of crime and punishment.

In this study, we systematically examine how. Some feel as though if youre a criminal, the best thing going for you is your gender. However, what is failed to be realized is that there are factors that play into sentencing, male or female.

These factors include the seriousness of the offense, and mainly, the strength of the case itself. These factors ensure uniformity and control in. Gender roles also outline what one ought or ought not to do. Adherence to these set rules thus amounts to conformity (Lindsey, pp 22).

Gender roles and effects of conformity and non conformity Gender roles have in the past been seen as the power behind the cohesion of societies. Gender differences in social cognition, and how they may relate to gender differences in crime and violence, are relatively unexplored topics in criminological research and warrant further attention.

A longitudinal study, combined with the use of a cognitive behavioral intervention, would be by: Gender differences in crime can be seen as emerging from the different ways of processing social information.

Females can be said to have lower rates of criminal behavior because they have better pro-social skills and because they acquire social cognitive skills earlier in life than do males. Nov 12,  · Related research: A study in the American Journal of Criminal Justice, “An Examination of Defendant Sex Disparity in Capital Sentencing: A Propensity Score Matching Approach,” looks at the role of gender in capital sentencing.

A study in Criminal Justice and Behavior, “Needs and Pretrial Failure: Additional Risk Factors for Female and Male Pretrial Defendants,” examines. The Role of Gender in a Structured Sentencing System: Equal Treatment, Policy Choices, and the Sentencing of Female Offenders under the United States Sentencing Guidelines discipline is the reformation of criminals and not the infliction of vindictive suffering.".

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN BIOLOGICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL PREDICTORS OF CRIME Deborah W. Denno* Good afternoon. My name is Deborah Denno. I am a law professor now, but I have a dark past. Before attending law school, I directed one of the largest longitudinal studies of biological and sociological predictors of crime in this country.

Outline and assess sociological explanations for gender differences in patterns of crime. In recent years, based on the official statistics collected and recorded by the police, the number of people committing crime has increased rapidly.

There are striking gender differences in the patterns of recorded crime. May 25,  · Defendant's gender affects length of sentence Date: May 25, differences were seen in their evaluations depending on the looks of the accused. Thus, the biological theory is rather inadequate to explain gender differences in crime rate.

New Female Criminal. Freda Adler, a criminal professor at Rutgers University, published a book inentitled “Sisters in crime: The rise of the new female criminal” (Adler, ).

General strain theory (GST) provides a unique explanation of crime and delinquency. In contrast to control and learning theories, GST focuses explicitly on negative treatment by others and is the only major theory of crime and delinquency to highlight the role of negative emotions in the etiology of offending.

According to GST, the experience of strain or stress tends to generate negative Cited by: THE MULTILEVEL CONTEXT OF CRIMINAL SENTENCING: INTEGRATING JUDGE- AND COUNTY-LEVEL INFLUENCES* BRIAN D.

JOHNSON The importance of social contexts in criminal sentencing was perhaps such as the gender or race of the sentencing judge.

Both the Kritzer and Uhlman () and the Gruhl, Spohn, and Welch () studies of judge’s gender in Cited by: Starr—Estimating,Gender,Disparities,in,Federal,Criminal,Cases. Estimating Gender Disparities in Federal Criminal Cases Introduction. In the United States, men are fifteen times as likely to be incarcerated as women are.

But can this gap be explained by differences in criminal behavior or circumstances, or are. Discuss The Treatment Of Girls And Boys In The Criminal Justice System How Have The Gender Difference In Treatment Changed Over Time.

focus on gender or race, discuss whether the criminal justice system is biased. Society expects the criminal justice system to provide justice for everyone by protecting the innocent, to punish and convict the guilty, and to rehabilitate them in an attempt to. We do see evidence, however, that the variables of primary interest in this research also affect the victims’ attitudes toward their experience with the criminal justice system.

We first discuss the evidence regarding gender, then the victims’ relationship to the offender, and finally comparisons between sexual and physical assault. Cited by: and Giller, ; Wilson and Herrnstein, ), virtually no integrated research reviews focus specifically on acts of violence.

Instead the explanations for the relationship between gender and interpersonal violence have remained in disparate intellectual fields and in various theoretical camps, including biological, social psychological, structural, and methodological.

Jul 19,  · This is a video I produced as part of my Sociology AS Level. Category News & Politics; Suggested by SME Beyoncé - Run the World (Girls) (Video - Main Version).

Discrimination in the Criminal Courts: Family, Gender, and the Problem of Equal Treatment* KATHLEEN DALY, Yale University Abstract "Sex effects"-favoring women-typically found in criminal court pretrial release and sentencing outcomes have not been satisfactorily explained.

Drawing on ob. Examples of Conformity. A teenager dresses in a certain style because he wants to fit in with the rest of the guys in his social group. A year-old college student drinks at a sorority party because all her friends are doing it and she does not want to be the odd one out.

A woman reads a book for her book club and really enjoys it. EBSCOhost serves thousands of libraries with premium essays, articles and other content including Gender differences on crime and punishment.

Get access to over 12 million other articles!Jan 23,  · Faculty Research: Gender and Social Conformity in Voting. January 23, Social Influence. our analyses confirm prior findings that social pressure increases voter turnout but uncover little to no evidence of gender differences in receptivity to .Jun 17,  · Gender-specific risk assessment tools the social and criminological differences we found between male and female perpetrators of deadly violence should be taken into account in the.

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